Posted by: wendyquest | May 12, 2011

Cattle Ranching – Breeds of Cows


aurochsAccording to the Oklahoma State University Breeds of Livestock website, domesticated cattle have been found as early as 10,000 years ago! And all breeds have derived from the Aurochs which are now extinct.

According to Virginia Tech’s Outreach Website – “Worldwide there are more than 250 breeds of beef cattle. Over 60 of these breeds are present in the United States. However, a relatively small number of breeds (less than 20) constitute the majority of the genetics utilized in the U.S. for commercial beef production.”

Cattle can be grown for beef only, milk only, both beef and milk, draught (work), or some combination. Experimentation with genes is a big business – making breeds more hardy, more disease resistant, and therefore more profitable.

herefordA popular beef brand is the Hereford, which was established about 250 years ago in England. Kentuckian Henry clay brought the first batch to America in 1817.

angusAnother popular beef brand is the Angus, which originated in Scotland. George Grant brought the first bulls to America to his newfound colony in Kansas in 1873. By 1878, their population and popularity exploded.

References:
Oklahoma State University Breeds of Livestock
Wikipedia

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